Notify on host up and down

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ℹ️ Info: This script can not be used on its own but requires the base installation. See main README for details.


This script sends notifications about host UP and DOWN events. In comparison to just netwatch (/tool/netwatch) and its up-script and down-script this script implements a simple state machine and dependency model. Host down events are triggered only if the host is down for several checks and optional parent host is not down to avoid false alerts.

Sample notifications

netwatch-notify notification down
netwatch-notify notification up

Requirements and installation

Just install the script:

$ScriptInstallUpdate netwatch-notify;

Then add a scheduler to run it periodically:

/system/scheduler/add interval=1m name=netwatch-notify on-event="/system/script/run netwatch-notify;" start-time=startup;


The hosts to be checked have to be added to netwatch with specific comment:

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=example.com" host=[ :resolve "example.com" ];

Also notification settings are required for e-mail, matrix, ntfy and/or telegram.


It is possible to run an up hook command (up-hook) or down hook command (down-hook) when a notification is triggered. This has to be added in comment, note that some characters need extra escaping:

/tool/netwatch/add comment=("notify, name=device, down-hook=/interface/ethernet \\{ disable \\\"en2\\\"; enable \\\"en2\\\"; \\}") host=;

Also there is a pre-down-hook that fires at two thirds of failed checks required for the notification. The idea is to fix the issue before a notification is sent.

Getting the escaping right may be troublesome. Please consider adding a script in /system/script, then running that from hook.

Count threshould

The count threshould (default is 5 checks) is configurable as well:

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=example.com, count=10" host=;

Parents & dependencies

If the host is behind another checked host add a dependency, this will suppress notification if the parent host is down:

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=gateway" host=;
/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=example.com, parent=gateway" host=;

Note that every configured parent in a chain increases the check count threshould by one.

Update from DNS

The host address can be updated dynamically. Give extra parameter resolve with a resolvable name:

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=example.com, resolve=example.com";

But be warned: Dynamic updates will probably cause issues if the name has more than one record in dns - a high rate of configuration changes (and flash writes) at least.

No notification on host down

Also suppressing the notification on host down is possible with parameter no-down-notification. This may be desired for devices that are usually powered off, but accessibility is of interest.

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=printer, no-down-notification" host=;

Go and get your coffee ☕️ before sending the print job.

Add a note in notification

For some extra information it is possible to add a text note. This is included verbatim into the notification.

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=example, note=Do not touch!" host=;

Tips & Tricks

One of several hosts

Sometimes it is sufficient if one of a number of hosts is available. You can make netwatch-notify check for that by adding several items with same name. Note that count has to be multiplied to keep the actual time.

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=service, count=10" host=;
/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=service, count=10" host=;

Checking internet connectivity

Sometimes you can not check your gateway for internet connectivity, for example when it does not respond to pings or has a dynamic address. You could check (Cloudflare DNS), (Quad-nine DNS), (Google DNS) or any other reliable address that indicates internet connectivity.

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=internet" host=;

A target like this suits well to be parent for other checks.

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=example.com, parent=internet" host=;

Checking specific ISP

Having several ISPs for redundancy a failed link may go unnoticed without proper monitoring. You can use routing-mark to monitor specific connections. Create a route and firewall mangle rule.

/routing/table/add fib name=via-isp1;
/ip/route/add distance=1 gateway=isp1 routing-table=via-isp1;
/ip/firewall/mangle/add action=mark-routing chain=output new-routing-mark=via-isp1 dst-address= passthrough=yes;

Finally monitor the address with netwatch-notify.

/tool/netwatch/add comment="notify, name=quad-one via isp1" host=;

Note that all traffic to the given address is routed that way. In case of link failure this address is not available, so use something reliable but non-essential. In this example the address is used, the same service (Cloudflare DNS) is available at

Use in combination with DNS and DoH management

Netwatch entries can be created to work with both - this script and netwatch-dns. Just give options for both:

/tool/netwatch/add comment="doh, notify, name=cloudflare-dns" host=;

See also

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